غير متواجدة حالياً
|رقم المشاركة : ( 1 )|
Words that are often confused
كُتب : [ 26 - 01 - 10 - 01:13 AM ]
Words that are often confused
Accede means to agree, to allow; exceed means to go beyond, to surpass, as in
“Drivers who exceed the speed limit are asking for hefty fines.”
Not commonly seen even from unpublished writers, who are probably familiar with the difference because they’re all waiting for an acceptance!
“We accept your invitation to your party, except for Bill, who will be away on that day.”
However, I recently saw (on a publisher’s web site!) the statement, “ We are excepting submissions … ” Can you believe it?
adapt, adept, adopt
Adapt means to adjust, adept means skilled and adopt means to take as your own:
“Some people cannot adapt to new surroundings.”
“He is very adept at dodging awkward questions.”
“He tends to adopt the attitudes of those around him.”
Adverse means inauspicious, hostile; averse means disinclined, repelled.
“I’m very much averse to making a long, arduous journey under such adverse weather conditions.”
Advice is the noun and advise the verb.
“His advice was that we should advise everybody to either stay away or be extremely careful.”
Affect is a verb; effect is more usually a noun. When used as a verb it means to achieve, fulfil, realise.
“Bad weather will affect the quality of the fruit.”
“The effect of bad weather is a reduction in fruit quality.”
I can’t think of any sentence using effect as a verb where one of the other three mentioned above wouldn’t be a much better choice, but perhaps a politician might say, “To effect our goal of saving 10%…”
Aloud means out loud, speaking so that someone else can hear you; allowed means permitted.
already, all ready
Already means by this time; all ready means prepared.
“Are you already packed?”
“Yes, I’m all ready to leave.”
altogether, all together
Altogether means wholly; all together means everybody in a group:
“It’s altogether too bad that you can’t come.”
“All together, now: ‘Good morning, Sir!’”
all right, alright
All right is the correct form; alright is grammatically incorrect.
Allude means to refer to; elude means to dodge or escape.
Allusion is an indirect reference or hint; illusion means deception or mirage.
all ways, always
All ways means by every way or method; always means all the time, forever.
Annual means yearly; annul means to make void or invalid.
anyone, any one
This is quite tricky. Anyone means anybody, any person at all; any one means any one person and is followed by “of”.
“Does anyone else want to come?”
“Any one of you is welcome to come along.”
Appraise is to assess or estimate. Apprise is to inform or notify:
“I will appraise the situation and immediately apprise everybody of my conclusions.”
Please don’t make your character say or write anything like this, though—unless you want him to sound like a pompous twit!
Ascent is an upward movement; assent means agreement.
Assistance means help or aid; assistants is the plural of assistant, one who gives help.
assure, ensure, insure
Assure means to guarantee; ensure means to make sure; insure means to protect against loss or damage:
“I assure you there’s no call for alarm.”
“To ensure your crockery doesn’t get broken, wrap it all in bubble wrap.”
“In case of breakage or loss, you should insure everything with a good insurance company.”
Auger is a tool; augur means to predict.
Baited usually refers to traps or snares. When the reference is to someone who is hardly daring to breathe, the correct word is always bated:
“She watched with bated breath.”
I’ve yet to read that someone “bated a trap” instead of baiting it, but there’s always a first time.
Bare means naked; bear (apart from being a large animal) means to carry.
Bazaar is an exhibition or fair; bizarre means weird, grotesque, alien.
Berth is a place to sleep on a boat or ship; birth is the beginning (usually of life).
Beside means by the side of; besides means in addition to.
These two are really tricky! Biannual means happening twice a year; biennial means every two years.
Because these are borrowed from French there is a feminine and masculine form. Blonde is feminine and blond is masculine.
bore, boar, boor
Bore as a noun is a boring or tiresome person, or something that you don’t like doing; boar is a male pig; boor is a vulgar person.
Board is a long sheet of wood, also a group of people as in “Board of Directors”, and as a verb means to go onto a ship, plane or other form of public transport; bored means not interested.
Born is always the beginning of life, borne means carried.
“I was born in the middle of a particularly severe winter.”
“The logs were borne down the river to the mill.”
Bought is the past tense of buy, brought is the past tense of bring. So, I bought (paid for) a load of topsoil, and a truck driver brought (delivered) it to my home.
Braise means to **** slowly in liquid (usually meat); braze most commonly means to solder with an alloy of copper and zinc.
Brake means to stop; break means to smash.
Bridal has to do with brides and weddings; bridle as a noun means a halter or restraint; as a verb it means to restrain or to draw oneself up in anger.
by, buy, bye
By is a preposition meaning next to; buy means purchase; bye means farewell or good-bye.
Canvas is cloth or fabric; canvass means to seek votes, to survey, to sell door-to-door.
Capital means the seat of government; money invested; excellent, as in “What a capital idea!”. Capitol is the building where government meets, although in New Zealand that’s simply called The Beehive.
Caught is the past tense of catch. Court is a place where criminals are tried; a place where ball games are played; a royal household or residence. As a verb it means to curry favour, to strive for or seek; or (in relationship terms) to date someone of the opposite gender.
Cereal is something you might eat for breakfast, such as porridge. Serial is something in a series; something that continues one after another, as in a weekly instalment of chapters from a book.
Censor as a verb means to officially inspect and make deletions or changes (in books, letters, movies, etc.) usually because the deleted or changed material is regarded as offensive or harmful in some way, though movies these days are more likely to be given a rating instead; as a noun it refers to the official who does the censoring. Sensor is something that senses (for instance a burglar alarm has many sensors: for movement, body heat, etc.)
Collaborate means to work with someone; corroborate means to establish the truth of something.
Compliment means praise or congratulate. You always pay someone a compliment, not a complement. Complement means to supplement, round out. Mustard complements ham, for instance, by “rounding out” the flavour.
Continual means something that happens frequently, with breaks between the occurrences. Continuous means something that happens without stopping!
“Continual interruptions distract me from writing.”
“The continuous noise of the motor mower distracts me from writing.”
Co-operation (usually spelt without the hyphen in US English) means working together; corporation is a business organisation.